Owning a dog can bring lots of enjoyment and happiness but it is also a lifelong responsibility. A dog needs to be cared for properly and responsibly and there are a number of legal responsibilities that you must follow. Legal Responsibility as a Dog Owner Ensuring your dog wears a collar tag when out in a public place When out in a public place your dog must wear a collar and tag by law which includes contact details of the owner. This information will assist in the dog being re-united with its owner. Dog Control Orders The council knows that the vast majority of dog owners are responsible. They pick up after their dogs and keep them under proper control. However, there are a minority of people who don't and this creates a number of problems. East Staffordshire Borough Council implemented Dog Control Orders, which affect dog owners within the borough. The Dog Control Orders require dog owners to: Clean up after a dog has fouled Keep dogs on a lead in designated areas Put and keep a dog on a lead when asked to do so by an authorised officer Keep dogs out of certain areas East Staffordshire Borough Council will issue on the spot fixed penalty notices of £75 to enforce the Dog Control Orders. Failure to pay the fine within fourteen days of issue may lead to prosecution and a criminal conviction. Dangerous dogs Certain types of dogs are prohibited. The prohibited dog types include Pit Bull Terriers, Japanese Tosas, Dogo Argentinos and Fila Brazilieros. Your dog must be kept under control in a public place. Any dog which is deemed to be dangerously out of control in a public place could mean the owner ends up with a fine or prison sentence or in some cases both and the dog may be at risk of being destroyed. What is dangerously out of control? Any dog which injures a person or behaves in a way that makes a person feel that it might injure them. This applies even if it is in the dog owners own home or garden. A court could also judge that your dog is dangerously out of control if it injures another person’s animal and/or the owner of the animal thinks they could be injured if they tried to stop the dog attacking their animal. What should happen? Anyone that has a dog that is not kept under control or is dangerously out of control should be reported to the police. Anybody found guilty of having a dog that is out of control may face a fine of up to £1000 and/or imprisonment. A court can also rule that a person is not allowed to own a dog in the future. Animal Welfare Dog owners must make sure that the welfare needs of their dogs are met. These include the need: For a suitable home and environment For a suitable and healthy diet To behave normally To be protected from pain, injury, suffering and disease The minimum age at which a person can buy an animal to 16 years old. Anyone who is cruel to an animal, or does not provide for its welfare needs, may be banned from owning animals, fined up to £20,000 and/or sent to prison. Further Information Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. Animal Welfare Act 2006. DEFRA have also published a code of practice for the welfare of dogs.